The First Thomas Gibson

April 10, 1608  -- The John & Francis

The John & Francis departed Virginia and arrived at London (probably in June or July, since Captain Newport was also the commander of the next vessel to Virginia). The Phoenix, which had left England in its company, had not yet arrived (but did arrive on April 20).
Ship and Passenger Information:
Type:  small bark
Captain Christopher Newport, commander
Namontack . . . Powhatan's "son" (actually a servant), taken to England
                as a "Virginia prince". Returned with the "Second Supply".
               (Newport's "sonne", Thomas Savage, actually a laborer who
               arrived in the First Supply, was traded by John Smith as
                a hostage for Namontack's safe return.)

Captain Christopher Newport returned to Virginia with the Second Supply - Mary and Margaret -  arrival at Jammestown October of 1608.  List of settlers  - Thomas Gipson - a tradesman  - Second Supply

The arrival of the Second Supply and Thomas Gibson -- Helen Rountree  - Read more here

Thomas Gipson, David Ellis, Nathanael Peacock, Saylers. John Prat, George Acrig, James Read, Nicholas Hancock, James Watkins, Thomas Lambert, foure Dutch-men, and Richard Salvage were sent by Land before to build the house for Powhatan against our Arrivall.

Travels of Captaine John Smith

Nothing more has been found as yet on the first Thomas Gibson but in the 1624 list of the Living and Dead in Virginia 'Francis Gibson' is listed in James City Co.  Since the actual transcript has not been examined it is possible Thomas was still living as  'Thomas' could be transcribe incorrectly as 'Francis' or Francis may have been the wife of Thomas Gibson who came here in 1608. A Thomas Gibson is found in records of John Utie as early as 1638, fourteen years after the 'living and dead census:
The records below will show that George Gibson, Thomas Gibson, Thomas Chivers/Chavis,  'Peter' Gibson, Thomas Busby, William Bird, William Sweat and Adam Ivey  are all found on Chippoakes Creek.

Indians on the Upper Chippokes:

Southwark Parish was created in 1647 and described as encompassing all the territory extending from "the colledge" [College Creek] to (and including) the Upper Chipoaks [Upper Chippokes Creek
1676 List of the Names and some of the Residences of the Rebel Participants in
Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 in Colonial Virginia 

Edmund Howell  - Surry - Southwark Parish
Thomas Gibson - Surry - Southwark Parish

Edmund Howell --
23 Dec. 1679
To my only son, William Howell my  whole estate with some exceptions. to my godson Gibson, son of Thomas
Gibson To godson Henry Baker. Makes George Foster Exec. and gives him the care of son until he is 21 years old, If son die, his inheritance to Henry Baker, GeorgeFoster Thomas Ironmonger his children.
Wit: Thos Pittan, Sr., John Moring. Prob. 9 Oct. 1679.(2:240)
In the Sandy Point Cemetery, Charles City County;  (Home of the Paspahegh Indians)

Here Lyes the Body of FRANCIS GIBSON
Here Lyes the Body of GIBBY GIBSON
Here Lyes the Body of THOMAS GIBSON

Will of Gibby Gibson of Charles City Co. , "very weak'.

My riding horse to be sold to pay Col. Lightfoot.
To Hannah Dennam, my negro boy Jack, for life, and then to my son Gibby Gibson.
To wife Francis: my negro girl Vicky, for life, and then to my daughter Fran: Smith
To my son in law George Smith, 2 negroes - Sovilaty and Jin.
To Hannah Dennam, my negro boy Peter for life and then to my daughter Fran Smith
To my son Edward Gibson, my negro Judey, my wearing clothes, carpenters tools, and coopers tools
To George Smith, 2 sheets, 2 blankets and a rugg
To Tabitha Rollinson, negro girl Nanny.
George Smith to take care of my cattle and they are to be divided equally between my wife and granddaughter Sarah Smith.
To wife my two working Horses and hoggs.
Rest of my estate to George Smith and he to be executor , Dated 2 March 1726/7
Witt: Benja. Moody, Robert Cade,(*) James Blankes
Signed: Gibby(G) Gibson
Codicil: Negro boy Peter given in will to Hannah Dennam and then to Frances Smith, is to go to my son George Gibson
3 March 1726/27 Wit: by above Moody and Cade
Recorded 3 May 1727 Presented by George Smith and proved by above Blanks and Cade. Col. Fran's Lightfoot,(**) Security.

Robert Cade was the witness on will of Gibby Gibson 1727 in Charles City County, Virginia.  This is likely Robert Cade who married Susannah Crump, son Stephen Crump Cade born September 17, 1715 St Peters Parish, New Kent County, Virginia.  Stephen Crump Cade resided in lived  in Edgecombe, Dobbs, and was Sheriff of Johnston Co. in 1757, married to Mary Wadill and  Mary Gibson and died in Robeson Co., North Carolina in 1783.  His son John Cade married to Elizabeth Adair, daughter of the Indian trader and author Doctor James Adair of Robeson County, North Carolina.  Elizabeth's sister, Agnes married to John Gibson who is said to have been killed by Indians near Nashville in 1790.

(**) See Francis Lightfoot and Gideon and John Gibson in Bertie County, North Carolina below

Charles City County

Theophilus Beddingfield ... saith ... That being at Church on the Sabbath day after prayer standing in the Church yard, heard Tho: Stevenson talkng with Mr. Bird concerning his difference [ with] George Gibson [ and] saying to Mr. Bird(*) that Gibson should never take take his oath against him for he was an Athicke, so Mr. bird replyed and asked the said Stevenson Tom what pretty word that was, and Stevenson replyed he could not say it so plaine as wee could ... and Stevenson replyed again [ that] he could prove by two sufficient oaths that George Gibson sd there was no Resurreccion [ and] that when our flesh was parted from the bones they should never rise again and yo'r depon't further saith not.

The deposicion of Herery Tame ... That being at George Gibsons house, Tho: Stevenson came ov'r the sd Gibsons plantable ground betweene his house and the fence and measured the sd grounds and [ Stevenson] threw down the sd Gibsons fence, and goodwife Gibson(**) went to the fence, and Tho: Stevensons wife threw at the sd Gibsons wife to the best of my knowledge Rootes of [ tobacco] and further yo'r depon't knoweth not. Sworne before me signe of Will Bird # Henry x Tame This suit begins with Wyatt complaining that he has been slandered by being called a thief in public. Caswell then explains that Wyatt had been "something in drink more than was convenient at the time". Four more testimonies in the case follow. # Bird has become by this time a Justice and is hearing testimony. This case continues with statements by Bird that the agument between the two women resulted in Mrs. Gibson being struck on her arm with a stick hurled by Mrs. Stevenson. Several more witnesses testified. (# Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. 12 Charles City Court Orders 1661-1664

(*)  July 4, 1671, William Bird purchased from Thomas Busby a grist mill and appurtenances at head of Chippokes Creek" from Thomas Busby  -

(**)Goodwife, usually abbreviated Goody, was a polite form of address for women of lower social standing in the 1600s, formerly used where "Missus" (Mrs.), "Miss" and Ms. would be used today. Its male counterpart is Goodman

William Knott, 312 Acres, Surry Co 28 Mar 1666, p. 482 (land patents). 112 acres on south side of James River on south side of upper Chipoake Creek, bounded NW on land of Edward Oliver, N upon Wm. Thomas, E on George Gibson & SE on Mr. Fisher; 200 acres on south side of said River, Wly. on Jeremiah Clements, NW on Edward Oliver, Nly on Wm. Thomas, George Gibson & Edward Minter, Ely. on Wm. Gapins land & Mr. Thomas Busbie and SE on Mr. Richard Hill.

1684 Upper Sunken Marsh
p.46, Mr. Tho: Busby, Peter Gibson, Con & Ann two Indyans - 4
Thomas Busby - Page 58

Thomas Busby was an Indian interpreter for the crown - See Ivey and Busby DNA below


May 16, 1754

On Tuesday and Wednesday last the following Criminals were brought to their Trials, viz.

Jeffe Scott, and Randle Gibson, from Charles City, for Felony.  Gibson convicted, and Scott discharged

Gibson and Evans

Lynchburg City, Superior Court of Law and Chancery, Case #1821-033 (file #236), Charles Evans etc. vs. Lewis B. Allen. These two cases are representative of several in Virginia, in which slaves sued and won to regain their freedom, based on their ability to show descent from an Indian woman, which condition legally turned their enslavement into assault, battery, and unlawful detainment:
The Slaves Held by Lewis Allen to the Superior Court, Richmond, Virginia, 1805 To the honorable, the judge of the superior court of chancery directed by law to be holden in the city of Richmond Humbly complaining shew unto your honor your orators and oratrixes Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Siras Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in slavery by Lewis Allen and permitted by this court to sue together here in forma pauperum as well as in their own behalf as in behalf of others in their family whose names are unknown to your orators and oratrixes and in whose cases are he reinafter stated. That your orators and oratrixes are children of a free woman of colour named Amey; who was daughter of another free woman named Sarah Colley, who was daughter of another woman of free colour named Jane Gibson; that from the document, depositions, and copies from records hereto annexed, it will appear that Thomas Gibson, alias Mingo Jackson, who is a son of Hannah, a sister by the mother's side to the aforesaid Amey; recovered his freedom from David Ross as well as various other descendants from the said Francis Evans, by the name of Evans; that your orators and oratrixes have just reason to fear and do fear that the aforesaid Lewis Allen who holds them in slavery, will sell them, as slaves with out the limits of this commonwealth; as he has already sold several of the family aforesaid in North Carolina whose names are unknown to your orators and oratrixes ....
Edm: Randolph begs leaves to certify to the judge, that the complainant Charles Evans is now tied and confined to be sent from Richmond and probably out of the country by the order of Lewis Allen; who cannot be served with a subpoena, a prohibition is therefore prayed against Allen and all other persons.
May 7, 1805
Deposition of Robert Wills in the suit Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson plt. against David Ross deft. taken in presence of the plt & Mr. Vannerson agent for Mr. Ross by consent, at the house of the said Wills this 25th day of June 1791, who being first duly sworn deposeth and saith; That about seventy years ago (1721) he was well acquainted with Jane Gibson and George Gibson her brother who were dark mulattoes who lived in the County of Charles City and were free people; that the said Jane Gibson had two children named Jane and George Gibson and they were also free; That the said Jane Gibson the younger intermarried with a certain ---- Evans of the said county, by who m she had several children on of whom named Francis Evans granddaughter of the Jane Gibson above named, that the said Francis Evans removed to New Kent county, where she lived and had several children, two of whom, as Francis Evans informed this deponent were named Tom and Francis Evans who were bound to one Lightfoot of New Kent. This information was made to this Depont. by the said Frances Evans the elder when she was on a visit to her friends in this County, who were neighbours to this deponent. This deponent further saith that after the great grandchildren viz; Tom and Francis were bound to the said Lightfoot he never heard anything more relative to them. That many of the descendants of the said Gibsons and Evans now in this deponents knowledge are alive, and enjoying their freedom unmolested and have remained so since this deponents first acquaintance with the first Jane Gibson the elder; that some of them are black, some nearly white, and others dark mulattoes which this deponent supposes proceeded from a promiscuous intercourse with different colours. ....

"Soutern Debate Over Slavery" Gibson Family Tree

"Ploughshares Into Swords" -  By James Sidbury

''In other cases free Black Richmonders took further steps toward fluid households rooted in an urban Black community.  Men and women living together did not always live harmoniously. Free Black women sometimes took their mates to court.  Free Black women sometimes took their mates to court in search of physical protection, but courts could be intrusive, and the level of protection that they offered was doubtless low. Free Black women could turn instead to one another for shelter against abusive men.

Thomas Gibson "alias Mingo Jackson was married to Lucy Gibson.  Twice Thomas Gibson sued 'other free Black women'' once for forcibly detaining his wife and once for 'seducing and detaining her from his bed and board.' (57)

(57) -   RSP Box 32 Office Judgement and Dismissions  1797- 1803 Bundle Gibson v King
<>       Box25 March 1800  Gibson alias Jackson v Halestock
         Sidbury writes; "I am virtually certain Amy Halestook (Hailstock) was Black and I suspect Rachel King was Black"

I can't help but wonder if this Thomas Gibson might not have been considered one of the 'Molungeons in Richmond.'

Bertie County, North Carolina

John Gibson, Gideon Gibson as well as Smith and Rawlinson [Rollinson] were sued in Bertie County, NC., by Phi
lip Lightfoot and Benjamin Harrison, executors of Francis Lightfoot in 1730/31.

30 April 1727 George Rawlinson gives his promissory note to Francis Lightfoot-Witness Richard Grinselle.

9 June 1731 Order to the Provost Marshall to summon George Rawlinson planter of ----Precinct to appear in General Court at Edenton the last Tuesday in Jul next to answer Phillip Lightfoot & Benjamin Harrison executors of Francis Lightfoot dec'd

8 March 1730 -At a court held for James City County in Virginia. Philip Lightfoot one of the executors of Francis Lightfoot dec'd produced 2 accounts against John Gibson & John Smith of North Carolina & Richard Grinsell [who was storekeeper & bookkeeper to sd francis] testified that they were true accounts; that there were accounts against Miles Jackson, Edward Young, Philip Jackson, Francis Young & Gideon Gibson. Signed by R. Hickman, Cl Cur

9 August 1731 - Order to the Provost Marshall to summon Gideon Gibson planter of Bertie Precinct to appear in General Court at Edenton the las Tuesday in Oct next to answer Philip Lightfoot & Benja Harrison excrs of Francis Lightfoot dec'd n a action for 65 pounds. John Palin Chief Justice.

Oct General Court 1731 Philip Lightfoot & Benja Harrison executors of Francis Lightfoot dec'd complained against John Gibson planter of Bertie Precinct. They stated that the defendant at Prince George County in Virginia did on Jan 24 1724 become indebted to the plaintiff; testator in the sum of 5 pounds 2 1/2 sh VA. Signed by David Oshel for the plaintiffs.

The Tuscarara

Bertie County Deed Book M – 1777 - Various Abstracts

(From Deeds of Bertie County 1772-1785, Abstracted by Stephen Bradley, Jr. – typed from copy for this website by Sara Whitford)

(Entries below can be found on page 31 of aforementioned book.)

296-(314) Articles of agreement between WHITMELL TUFDICK, WILLIAM ROBERTS, WILLIAM CAIN, WILLIAM BLOUNT, TOM SMITH, JOHN SMITH, & LEWIS TUFDICK of Bertie Co., chieftans of the Tuscarora Indians on Roanoke River to ZEDEKIAH STONE of same. 10 Feb 1777. Sd chieftains were desirous that sd STONE should clear land, joining Coniack Neck, TITUS EDWARDS, Cesars Island, the river. Sd STONE agrees not to disturb JOSEPH LLOYD & THOMAS SMITH & SARAH HICKS. Sd STONE will be permittd to occupy the sd land for the space of 99 years. SIGNED BY: William Basket, Molley Smith, Benja. Smith, Sarah Hicks, Sarah Baskett, Watt & Gibson, Whitmell Tuffdick, Thomas (x) Smith, John Rodgers, Samuel Bridgers, William Roberts, Wineoak Charles, ZEdekiah Stone, John Owens, Thomas Baskett, William (x) Caine, Edward (x) Blount, John (x) Smith, James (x) Mitchell, John (x) Randle, William (x) Blount, Lewis (x) Tufdick, William (x) Pugh, West Whitmell (x) Tuffdick. WITNESSES: Thomas Pugh, Jr., Titus Edwards, Thos. Pugh, Sr.. May Court 1777. John Johnston Clerk of Court

297-(315) Whitmell Tufdick, William Roberts, William Blount, Lewis Tufdick, John Randal, William Pugh, James Mitchel, Winoak Charles, William Basket, John Owens, Thomas Roberts, Walter Gibson, Billy Cane chieftans of the Tuscarora Indians in Bertie County to Thomas Pugh Sr. of same. 28 May 1777. The lease for 99 years @ 8 pounds per year of 100 acres, joining Black Gut Neck on Town Swamp, Roanoke River. Signed by: Billy (x) Blunt, Wineoak (x) Charles, Ben (x) Smith, Walter (X) Gibson, Thomas (X) Roberts, John (X) Ra nndel, Whitmell (x) Tuffdick, Billey (X) Cane, Lewis (x) Tufdick, Billey (x) Baskit, William (x) Pugh, Williams (x) Roberts, James (x) Mitchell. WITNESSES: Zedekiah Stone Jr., Thomas Whitmell Jr., May Ct 1777. John Johntston CJC

298-(316) Whitmell Tufdick, Wineoak Charles Jr., Billie Roberts, Lewis Tufdick, West Tufdick, Billie Blunt Sr., Billie Blunt Jr., John Rodgers, John Smith, Billie Pugh, Billie Baskit, John Hicks, Samuel Bridgers, John Owens, James Mitchell, Isaac Cornelius, Tom Tomas, & Walter Gibson, chieftans of the Tuskarora Indians to Thomas Pugh, Willie Jones & William Williams. 2 Dec 1775. For the yearly rent of 80 Duffield Blankets, 80 Oznatrig Shirts, 80 prs of boots, 50 pounds of powder & 150 pounds of shot. 2000 acres which was part of the land called the Indian Lands, joining Town Swamp, the old path that leads to Unarowick Swamp, James Wiggins, Unrinta Road, Quitana Swamp, Rocquist, Jones, Williams, Pugh, excepting 300 acres Watking now tends. Signed by: Bille(x)Cain, John Hicks, John Rogers, John(X)Owen, James(X)Hicks, Bille(x)Smith, Bille(x)Mitchell, Billie(x)Pugh, Wineoak(x)Chalres, James(X) Mitchell, Bille(X)Blunt, Jr., Saml(X)Bridgers, Tom Roberts...[Ed. note - my copy cuts off here. there are more names but I don't have them]

Thomas  Chivers  was appointed to a jury of twelve men in Isle of Wight County on 28 July 1658 to determine whether 900 acres belonged to Major Nicholas Hill or to John Snollock [VMHB V:406]. He purchased 1,100 acres of land at the head of Sunken Marsh near Chipoakes Creek in Surry County, Virginia, on 20 May 1659 for two cows, payment of 4,000 pounds of tobacco in October that year, and payment of 4,000 pounds of tobacco in October 1660. He died sometime before 13 April 1664 when his daughter Elizabeth was bound out until she came of age [DW 1:151; Haun, Surry County Court Records, I:149; II:232].

Thomas Chevers purchased 1,100 acres of land at the head of Sunken Marsh near Chippoakes in Surry Co. Virginia. In 1682, there was a William Sweat who was taxable in Thomas Binn's household in lower Chippoakes in Surry Co. Virginia


Adam Ivey was a small-scale tenant farmer, almost certainly growing tobacco. Fifty acres was a small landholding, but a single field worker was capable of managing only three or four acres of tobacco in those days. Fifty acres was a typical holding for a planter with only himself to work the fields.[5] His location can be approximated, since nearly all the persons mentioned in these records lived south of the James River in the neck of land bounded by Upper Chippoakes Creek and Wards Creek. This neck included what was later the parish of Martins Brandon, in which Adam Ivey apparently lived at his death, in what would later become Prince George County. It was quite close to Surry County, Upper Chippoakes Creek being the later boundary between Prince George and Surry.

History of the Adam Ivey Family

The DNA evidence shows that the Ivys, Iveys and Ivies are related to the Busbices/Busbys/Buzbees in the male line. The Ivy male line's "Busby" DNA could have resulted from an Ivy adoption of a male Buzbee, or a Busby male could have been the father of a male Ivy.  Ivey and Busby

Thomas Busby (born about 1674) was an “Indyan boy” servant to Mr. Robert Caufield of Surry Co. VA in July of 1684 when his age was adjudged at 10 years (Haun, Surry County Records 1682-91, 444)  - This Thomas Busby is likely named after Thomas Busby the interpreter for the crown mentioned in records of George Gibson in 1666.

Surry County -  5 Mar 1688/89 Book 4 p108 Robert Caufield 680a where I lately lived and known as Sunken Marsh.

Will of Capt. Robert Caufield, of Lawne's Creek parish, Surry county: Names niece Elizabeth, wife of William Holt, niece Mary, wife of James Bruton, nephew John Seward; legacy to Mary, dau. of Charles Williams; to Mrs. Mary Holt 15L Page 311. sterl.; legacies to Frances, dau. of Francis Mason, Elizabeth, dau. of Arthur Allen, to Katherine and James, children of Arthur Allen, to Mrs. Elizabeth Holt, Wm. Hancocke and his wife, to Samuel Newton and John Collins, wife Elizabeth. Dated Jan. 2, 1691; proved Jan. 19, 1691. [Capt. Robert Caufield was son of William Caufield, of the parish of Chippoakes, Surry county, and Doreas, his wife.

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