Whereas the United States in Congress assembled by their Commissioners duly appointed and authorised did on the 28 day of November 1785 at Hopewell on the Keowee conclude Ar5ticles of a treaty6 with all the Cherokees, and among other things stipulated and engaged by Article 4th . "that the boundary allotted to the Cherokees for their hunting grounds, between the said Indians and the citizens of the United States, within the limits of the United States of America, is and shall be the following, viz.
Beginning at the mouth of Duck river on the Tenesee, thence running north east1, to the ridge dividing the waters running into Cumberland, from those running into the Tenesee, thence eastwardly along the said ridge to a north east line to be run, which shall strike the river Cumberland, forty five miles above Nashville, thence along the said line to the river, thence up the said river to the ford where the Kentucky road crosses the river, thence to Campbell's line near to Cumberland Gap** (See Below) thence to the mouth of Clouds creek on Holstein, thence to the chimney top mountain, thence to camp Creek, near the mouth of big lime stone on Nolichucky, thence a southerly course six miles to a mountain, thence south to the North Carolina line, thence to the South Carolina Indian boundary, and along the same southwest over the top of the Oconee mountain, till it shall strike Tugaloo river, thence a direct line to the top of the Currokee mountain, thence to the head of the south fork of the Oconee river," and by article the 5th . that, "If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian should attempt to settle on any of the lands westward or southward of the said boundary, which were allotted to the Indians for their hunting grounds, or having settled previously to concluding the said treaty, and not removing from the same within six months after the ratification of the said treaty, such person should forfeit the protection of the United States, and that the Indians might punish him or not as they please; provided that the said 5th Article should not extend to the people settled between the fork of french broad and Holstein rivers, whose particular situation should be transmitted to the United States in Congress assembled for their decision thereon, which the Indians agreed to abide by."
**Robert Campbell, Sr. who was one of the first settlers in Hawkins County, obtained possession of a large body of land, including the site of Sneedville, and about 1815 divided it among his three sons who located upon seperate tracts. The third son, Joseph Y. Campbell, obtained the farm where Joseph Campbell now lives. The neighborhood had long been known as Greasy Rock. This name is said to have originated in this way: A spring just below the present town was once a famous rendezvous for hunters and trappers, who were accustomed to dress their skins and pile up venison and bear meat on a large rock there. This rock was, therefore, usually greasy, hence the name. When the town was laid out, it was named Sneedville in honor of W. H. Sneed, of Knoxville, who had acted as counsel for the new county....GoodSpeed's History of Hancock County:
See Map of Cherokee Boundary---Campbell's Line and Sneedville
See Cherokee Documents:
American State Papers
|Cherokee Boundary Line 1785|